Element Argon

Argon ElementThe name “argon” is derived from the Greek word ἀργόν, neuter singular form of ἀργός meaning “lazy” or “inactive”, as a reference to the fact that the element undergoes almost no chemical reactions.
The complete octet (eight electrons) in the outer atomic shell makes argon stable and resistant to bonding with other elements. Its triple point temperature of 83.8058 K is a defining fixed point in the International Temperature Scale of 1990.
Argon is a chemical element with the symbol Ar and atomic number 18. It is in group 18 of the periodic table and is a noble gas.
Argon has approximately the same solubility in water as oxygen and is 2.5 times more soluble in water than nitrogen. Argon is colorless, odorless, nonflammable and nontoxic as a solid, liquid or gas.
Argon is chemically inert under most conditions and forms no confirmed stable compounds at room temperature.

Names and Identifiers

Chemical Formula:Ar
CAS:7440-37-1
Molecular Weight:39.94800g/mol
EC Number :231-147-0
MDL Number:MFCD00003431
Color:colorless
Other Names:Argo, Argônio
PubChem CID:23968
IUPAC Name:Argon
Inchl:InChI=1S/Ar
InChI Key:XKRFYHLGVUSROY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Canonical SMILES:[Ar]
ICSC Number:0154

Physical & Chemical Properties

Phase:Gas
Density:1.784 g/L
Boiling Point:87.302 K ​(−185.848 °C, ​−302.526 °F)
Melting Point:83.81 K ​(−189.34 °C, ​−308.81 °F)
Molecular Formula:Ar
Flash Point:n/a
Exact Mass:39.96240

Argon isotopes are used as precursors in the production of radioisotopes. Ar-40 and Ar-38 are used in the production of radioactive K-38 which can be used as a blood flow tracer. Ar-40 is used in the production of radioactive Ar-41 which is used to trace gas flows.

Naturally occurring isotopes

IsotopeMass/DaNatural abundance (atom %)Nuclear spin (I)Magnetic moment (μ/μN)
36Ar35.96754552 (29)0.3365 (30)00
38Ar37.9627325 (9)0.0632 (5)00
40Ar39.9623837 (14)99.6003 (30)00

Radiosotope data

IsotopeMass/DaHalf-lifeMode of decayNuclear spinNuclear magnetic moment
35Ar34.9752571.77 sEC to 35Cl3/20.633
37Ar36.96677635.0 dEC to 37Cl3/21.15
39Ar38.962314268 yβ to 39K7/2-1.3
41Ar40.9645011.82 hβ to 41K7/2
42Ar41.96305033 yβ to 42K0
43Ar42.96575.4 mβ to 43K
44Ar43.96365011.87 mβ to 44K0

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