It is the chemical element with the symbol N and atomic number 7.
Element Nitrogen was first discovered and isolated by Scottish physician Daniel Rutherford in 1772.
Although Carl Wilhelm Scheele and Henry Cavendish had independently done so at about the same time, Rutherford is generally accorded the credit because his work was published first.
The name nitrogène was suggested by French chemist Jean-Antoine-Claude Chaptal in 1790, when it was found that nitrogen was present in nitric acid and nitrates.
Antoine Lavoisier suggested instead the name azote, from the Greek ἀζωτικός “no life”, as it is an asphyxiant gas; this name is instead used in many languages, such as French, Russian, Romanian and Turkish, and appears in the English names of some nitrogen compounds such as hydrazine, azides and azo compounds.
Names and Identifiers
|EC Number :||231-783-9|
|Other Names:||Azote, Stickstoff, Azoto, Nitrogênio|
Physical & Chemical Properties
|Boiling Point:||77.355 K (−195.795 °C, −320.431 °F)|
|Melting Point:||63.15 K (−210.00 °C, −346.00 °F)|
|RIDADR:||UN 1066 2.2|
Nitrogen has two isotopes, N-14 and N-15, both of which are used in various applications. N-15 is used for the production of the radioisotope O-15 which is used in PET. N-15 is also used to study the uptake of Nitrogen in plants and the metabolism of proteins in the human body. N-14 is used for the production of the PET radioisotope C-11. It can also be used for the production of the PET radioisotopes N-13 and O-15.
Naturally occurring isotopes
|Isotope||Mass/Da||Natural abundance (atom %)||Nuclear spin (I)||Magnetic moment (μ/μN)|
|14N||14.003 074 005 2(9)||99.632 (7)||1||0.4037607|
|15N||15.000 108 898 4(9)||0.368 (7)||1/2||-0.2831892|
|Isotope||Mass/Da||Half-life||Mode of decay||Nuclear spin||Nuclear magnetic moment|
|12N||12.018613||0.011 s||EC to 12C; EC + 3α to n||1||0.457|
|13N||13.0057386||9.97 m||EC to 13C||1/2||0.3222|
|16N||16.006100||7.13 s||β– to 16O||2|
|17N||17.00845||4.17 s||β– to 17O, β– + n to 16O||1/2|
|18N||18.01408||0.62 s||β– to 18O; β– + α to 14C||1|
|19N||19.01704||0.3 s||β– to 19O|
|20N||20.0237||0.1 s||β– to 20O|