Name: Nickel Powder
CAS: 7440-02-0
EC Number: 231-111-4
Chemical Formular: Ni
Appearance: Silvery Powder
Molecular Weight: 58.693 g/mol
Melting Point: 1728 K ​(1455 °C, ​2651 °F)
Boiling Point: 3003 K ​(2730 °C, ​4946 °F)
Density: 8.908 g/cm³
Solubility in water: n/a
Exact Mass: 57.935342 g/mol
Monoisotopic Mass: 57.935342 g/mol
Topological Polar Surface Area: 0 A^2
Complexity: 0

Nickel Powder
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99% Nickel Powder
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99.5% Nickel Powder
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Nickel Powder,customized specifications
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MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to the UN GHS revision 8

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Aug 25, 2020

Revision Date: Aug 25, 2020

SECTION 1: Identification


1.1

GHS Product identifier

Product name

Nickel Powder


1.2

Other means of identification

Product number

Other names

Nichel;NP 2;Ni 4303T


1.3

Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses

Inorganic substances

Uses advised against

no data available


1.4

Supplier’s details

Company

Elements China Limited

Address

Building 2, No.5555, Shenzhuan Hwy, Shanghai , China

Telephone

+86-021-3776-2181

1.5Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number

+86-021-3776-2181

Service hours

Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

SECTION 2: Hazard identification


2.1

Classification of the substance or mixture

Skin sensitization, Category 1

Carcinogenicity, Category 2

Specific target organ toxicity – repeated exposure, Category 1


2.2

GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)

Signal word

Danger

Hazard statement(s)

H317 May cause an allergic skin reaction

H351 Suspected of causing cancer

H372 Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P272 Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.

P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection/hearing protection/…

P203 Obtain, read and follow all safety instructions before use.

P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P264 Wash … thoroughly after handling.

P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

Response

P302+P352 IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water/…

P333+P317 If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical help.

P321 Specific treatment (see … on this label).

P362+P364 Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.

P318 IF exposed or concerned, get medical advice.

P319 Get medical help if you feel unwell.

Storage

P405 Store locked up.

Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to an appropriate treatment and disposal facility in accordance with applicable laws and regulations, and product characteristics at time of disposal.


2.3

Other hazards which do not result in classification

no data available

SECTION 3: Composition/information on ingredients


3.1

Substances

Chemical nameCommon names and synonymsCAS numberEC number
Nickel PowderNickel powder7440-02-0231-111-4

SECTION 4: First-aid measures


4.1

Description of necessary first-aid measures

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest.

Following skin contact

Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.

Following eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

Following ingestion

Rinse mouth.


4.2

Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

Excerpt from ERG Guide 170 [Metals (Powders, Dusts, Shavings, Borings, Turnings, or Cuttings, etc.)]: Oxides from metallic fires are a severe health hazard. Inhalation or contact with substance or decomposition products may cause severe injury or death. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution. (ERG, 2016)

Exposure Routes: inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact Symptoms: Sensitization dermatitis, allergic asthma, pneumonitis; [potential occupational carcinogen] Target Organs: Nasal cavities, lungs, skin (NIOSH, 2016)

Excerpt from ERG Guide 135 [Substances – Spontaneously Combustible]: Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Inhalation of decomposition products may cause severe injury or death. Contact with substance may cause severe burns to skin and eyes. Runoff from fire control may cause pollution. (ERG, 2016)


4.3

Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Basic treatment: Establish a patent airway. Suction if necessary. Watch for signs of respiratory insufficiency and assist ventilation if necessary. Administer oxygen by nonrebreather mask at 10 t0 15 L/min. Monitor for shock and treat if necessary . Monitor for pulmonary edema and treat if necessary . For eye contamination, flush eyes immediately with water. Irrigate each eye continuously with normal saline during transport . Do not use emetics. For ingestion, rinse mouth and administer 5 ml/kg up to 200 ml of water for dilution if the patient can swallow, has a strong gag reflex, and does not drool . Nickel and related compounds

SECTION 5: Fire-fighting measures


5.1

Suitable extinguishing media

Flood with water. Use dry chemical, graphite, or dry earth. Nickel catalyst, wet


5.2

Specific hazards arising from the chemical

Excerpt from ERG Guide 170 [Metals (Powders, Dusts, Shavings, Borings, Turnings, or Cuttings, etc.)]: May react violently or explosively on contact with water. Some are transported in flammable liquids. May be ignited by friction, heat, sparks or flames. Some of these materials will burn with intense heat. Dusts or fumes may form explosive mixtures in air. Containers may explode when heated. May re-ignite after fire is extinguished. (ERG, 2016)

Excerpt from ERG Guide 135 [Substances – Spontaneously Combustible]: Flammable/combustible material. May ignite on contact with moist air or moisture. May burn rapidly with flare-burning effect. Some react vigorously or explosively on contact with water. Some may decompose explosively when heated or involved in a fire. May re-ignite after fire is extinguished. Runoff may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. (ERG, 2016)


5.3

Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Use dry sand, dry powder. NO carbon dioxide. NO water.

SECTION 6: Accidental release measures


6.1

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Personal protection: particulate filter respirator adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into sealable containers. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.


6.2

Environmental precautions

Personal protection: particulate filter respirator adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Vacuum spilled material with specialist equipment. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.


6.3

Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

PRECAUTIONS FOR “CARCINOGENS”: A high efficiency particulate arrestor (HEPA) or charcoal filters can be used to minimize amt of carcinogen in exhausted air ventilated safety cabinets, lab hoods, glove boxes or animal rooms. … Filter housing that is designed so that used filters can be transferred into plastic bag without contaminating maintenance staff is avail commercially. Filters should be placed in plastic bags immediately after removal. … The plastic bag should be sealed immediately. … The sealed bag should be labelled properly. … Waste liquids … should be placed or collected in proper containers for disposal. The lid should be secured & the bottles properly labelled. Once filled, bottles should be placed in plastic bag, so that outer surface … is not contaminated. … The plastic bag should also be sealed & labelled. … Broken glassware … should be decontaminated by solvent extraction, by chemical destruction, or in specially designed incinerators. Chemical Carcinogens

SECTION 7: Handling and storage


7.1

Precautions for safe handling

Closed system, dust explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent deposition of dust.
Handling in a well ventilated place.
Wear suitable protective clothing.
Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
Avoid formation of dust and aerosols.
Use non-sparking tools.
Prevent fire caused by electrostatic discharge steam.


7.2

Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Separated from strong acids.PRECAUTIONS FOR “CARCINOGENS”: Storage site should be as close as practicable to lab in which carcinogens are to be used, so that only small quantities required for … expt need to be carried. Carcinogens should be kept in only one section of cupboard, an explosion proof refrigerator or freezer (depending on chemicophysical properties …) that bears appropriate label. An inventory … should be kept, showing quantity of carcinogen & date it was acquired … Facilities for dispensing … should be contiguous to storage area. Chemical Carcinogens

SECTION 8: Exposure controls/personal protection


8.1

Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

TLV: (inhalable fraction): 1.5 mg/m3, as TWA; A5 (not suspected as a human carcinogen).MAK: sensitization of respiratory tract and skin (SAH); carcinogen category: 1

Biological limit values

no data available


8.2

Appropriate engineering controls

Ensure adequate ventilation.
Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice.
Set up emergency exits and the risk-elimination area.

8.3Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Wear safety spectacles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.

Skin protection

Protective gloves. Protective clothing.

Respiratory protection

Use local exhaust or breathing protection.

Thermal hazards

no data available

SECTION 9: Physical and chemical properties and safety characteristics

Physical state

Solid.

Colour

SILVERY METAL

Odour

Odorless

Melting point/freezing point

1 455 °C.

Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range

2732°C(lit.)

Flammability

Metal: Combustible Solid; nickel sponge catalyst may ignite SPONTANEOUSLY in air.

Lower and upper explosion limit/flammability limit

Flammable … as dust or fume.

Flash point

27°C(lit.)

Auto-ignition temperature

no data available

Decomposition temperature

no data available

pH

no data available

Kinematic viscosity

no data available

Solubility

Insoluble (NIOSH, 2016)

Partition coefficient n-octanol/water

no data available

Vapour pressure

0 mm Hg (approx) (NIOSH, 2016)

Density and/or relative density

8.9 g/cm³. Temperature:25 °C.

Relative vapour density

5.8 (vs air)

Particle characteristics

no data available

SECTION 10: Stability and reactivity


10.1

Reactivity

NIOSH considers nickel metal and other compounds (as Ni) to be a potential occupational carcinogen. Nickel metal and other compounds (as Ni)

Reacts with titanium powder, potassium perchlorate and oxidants such as ammonium nitrate. This generates fire and explosion hazard. Reacts slowly with non-oxidizing acids more rapidly with oxidizing acids. Toxic gases and vapours (such as nickel carbonyl) may be released in a fire involving nickel.


10.2

Chemical stability

Stable in air @ ordinary temp; not affected by water


10.3

Possibility of hazardous reactions

Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air.NICKEL CATALYST tends to react with oxidizing agents. If exposed to air may react rapidly enough to ignite. Can generate hydrogen gas with fire and explosion hazards during storage [Handling Chemicals Safely 1980. p. 807]. Reacts violently with acids forming gaseous hydrogen. May react with azo/diazo compounds to form explosive products. Can catalyze polymerization reactions in several classes of organic compounds; these polymerizations sometimes proceed rapidly or even explosively. May form explosive products with halogenated hydrocarbons.


10.4

Conditions to avoid

no data available


10.5

Incompatible materials

Mixtures containing potassium perchlorate with nickel & titanium powders & infusorial earth gave severe explosions during a friction test.


10.6

Hazardous decomposition products

Toxic gases and vapors (such as nickel carbonyl) may be released … in the decomp of nickel cmpd. Nickel & sol nickel cmpd

SECTION 11: Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: no data available
  • Inhalation: no data available
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

NTP: Reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. NTP: Known to be a human carcinogen

Reproductive toxicity

No information is available regarding the reproductive or developmental effects of nickel in humans. Animal studies have reported reproductive and developmental effects, such as a decreased number of live pups per litter, increased pup mortality, and reduction in fetal body weight, and effects to the dam from oral exposure to soluble salts of nickel. Sperm abnormalities and decreased sperm count have been reported in animals exposed to nickel nitrate orally and nickel oxide by inhalation, respectively.

STOT-single exposure

May cause mechanical irritation. Inhalation of fume may cause pneumonitis.

STOT-repeated exposure

Repeated or prolonged contact may cause skin sensitization. Repeated or prolonged inhalation may cause asthma. The substance may have effects on the respiratory tract. This may result in chronic inflammation of the respiratory tract and fibrosis. This substance is possibly carcinogenic to humans if inhaled.

Aspiration hazard

Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly when dispersed.

SECTION 12: Ecological information


12.1

Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: LC50 – Oncorhynchus mykiss (previous name: Salmo gairdneri) – 15.3 mg/L – 96 h. Remarks:Ni.
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: LC50 – Ceriodaphnia dubia – 276 µg/L – 48 h. Remarks:Hardness=268 mg/L as CaCO3.
  • Toxicity to algae: EC50 – Ankistrodesmus falcatus – 237 µg/L – 72 h.
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: EC50 – activated sludge – 33 mg/L – 30 min. Remarks:Respiration rate.


12.2

Persistence and degradability

No data was found to suggest that nickel is involved in any biological transformation in the aquatic environment.


12.3

Bioaccumulative potential

no … nickel bioaccumulation in voles fed sludge-fertilized soybeans containing 30 ppm nickel …


12.4

Mobility in soil

no data available


12.5

Other adverse effects

no data available

SECTION 13: Disposal considerations


13.1

Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to
a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration
with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs,
feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and
offered for recycling or reconditioning.
Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to
make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of
in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration
with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

SECTION 14: Transport information


14.1

UN Number

ADR/RID: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)IMDG: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)IATA: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)


14.2

UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)IMDG: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)IATA: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)


14.3

Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)IMDG: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)IATA: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)


14.4

Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)IMDG: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)IATA: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)


14.5

Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: NoIMDG: NoIATA: No


14.6

Special precautions for user

no data available


14.7

Transport in bulk according to IMO instruments

no data available

SECTION 15: Regulatory information


15.1

Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical nameCommon names and synonymsCAS numberEC number
Nickel PowderNickel powder7440-02-0231-111-4
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS)Listed.
EC InventoryListed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) InventoryListed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015Not Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC)Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances
(PICCS)
Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical InventoryListed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China
IECSC)
Listed.
Korea Existing Chemicals List (KECL)Listed.

SECTION 16: Other information

Information on revision

Creation DateAug 25, 2020
Revision DateAug 25, 2020

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS – The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website:
    http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB – Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC – International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal – The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website:
    http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG – Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website:
    http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website:
    http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA – European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

Other Information

At high temperatures, toxic fumes of nickel(II)oxide may be formed (see ICSC 0926).Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.The symptoms of asthma often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort.Anyone who has shown symptoms of sensitization due to this substance should avoid all further contact with nickel, nickel compounds and other metal compounds of e.g. copper, chromium and cobalt.Isolate contaminated clothing by sealing in a bag or other container.Do NOT take working clothes home.

Any questions regarding this SDS, Please send your inquiry to [email protected]

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and
shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our
knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not
represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any
damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.

Chemical Formular:Ni
PubChem CID:935
IUPAC Name:nickel
Inchl:InChI=1S/Ni
InChI Key:PXHVJJICTQNCMI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Canonical SMILES:[Ni]
Pictogram(s):Globally Harmonized System of ClassificationGlobally Harmonized System of Classification
Signal:Danger
GHS Hazard Statements:H228-H317-H351-H372
Hazard Codes:n/a
Risk Codes:n/a
Precautionary Statement Codes:P210-P260-P261-P363-P405-P501
Flash Point:n/a

Nickel particles
Nickel microparticles
Nickel micropowder
Nickel submicron powder
Nickel sub-micron powder

NickelNickel is a chemical element with the symbol Ni and atomic number 28.
It is a silvery-white lustrous metal with a slight golden tinge. Nickel belongs to the transition metals and is hard and ductile.
Pure nickel, powdered to maximize the reactive surface area, shows a significant chemical activity, but larger pieces are slow to react with air under standard conditions because an oxide layer forms on the surface and prevents further corrosion (passivation).
Even so, pure native nickel is found in Earth’s crust only in tiny amounts, usually in ultramafic rocks, and in the interiors of larger nickel–iron meteorites that were not exposed to oxygen when outside Earth’s atmosphere.
Nickel is one of four elements (the others are iron, cobalt, and gadolinium) that are ferromagnetic at approximately room temperature. Alnico permanent magnets based partly on nickel are of intermediate strength between iron-based permanent magnets and rare-earth magnets.

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