Name: Potassium 41 Chloride
CAS: 7447-40-7
EC Number: 231-211-8
Chemical Formular: KCl
Appearance: solid
Molecular Weight: 74.548 g/mol
Melting Point: 770 °C (1,420 °F; 1,040 K)
Boiling Point: 1,420 °C (2,590 °F; 1,690 K)
Density: 1.984 g/cm3
Solubility in water: 217.1 g/L (0 °C)
Exact Mass: 73.933 g/mol
Monoisotopic Mass: 73.933 g/mol
Topological Polar Surface Area: 0 A^2
Complexity: 2

Potassium 41 Chloride
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99% Potassium 41 Chloride
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Potassium 41 Chloride,customized specifications
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MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS

According to the UN GHS revision 8

Version: 1.0

Creation Date: Sep 14, 2020

Revision Date: Sep 14, 2020

SECTION 1: Identification


1.1

GHS Product identifier

Product name

Potassium 41 Chloride


1.2

Other means of identification

Product number

Other names


1.3

Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

Identified uses

Processing Aids and Additives

Uses advised against

no data available


1.4

Supplier’s details

Company

Elements China Limited

Address

Building 2, No.5555, Shenzhuan Hwy, Shanghai , China

Telephone

+86-021-3776-2181

1.5Emergency phone number

Emergency phone number

+86-021-3776-2181

Service hours

Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

SECTION 2: Hazard identification


2.1

Classification of the substance or mixture

Not classified.


2.2

GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

Pictogram(s)No symbol.
Signal word

No signal word

Hazard statement(s)

none

Precautionary statement(s)
Prevention

none

Response

none

Storage

none

Disposal

none


2.3

Other hazards which do not result in classification

no data available

SECTION 3: Composition/information on ingredients


3.1

Substances

Chemical nameCommon names and synonymsCAS numberEC numberConcentration
Potassium 41 ChloridePotassium chloride7447-40-7231-211-8100%

SECTION 4: First-aid measures


4.1

Description of necessary first-aid measures

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest.

Following skin contact

Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.

Following eye contact

First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

Following ingestion

Rinse mouth. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention .


4.2

Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

SYMPTOMS: Large doses of this chemical usually induce vomiting, so acute intoxication by mouth is rare. If no pre-existing kidney damage, it is rapidly excreted. Poisoning disturbs the rhythm of heart. Large doses by mouth can cause gastrointestinal irritation, purging, weakness, and circulatory disturbances. (NTP, 1992)


4.3

Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

KCl poisoning can be potentially life-threatening, particularly in massive ingestions of sustained-release preparations. Profound hyperkalemia, developing over several hours, can lead to cardiac arrhythmias and death. This case series reports three episodes of sustained-release KCl poisoning in two individuals requiring whole bowel irrigation or hemodialysis. The first two episodes, in the same patient, illustrate the contrast between the successful use of decontamination versus the need for hemodialysis. The second case, in a child, illustrates the need for tertiary level pediatric expertise in managing this type of poisoning. Whole bowel irrigation with polyethylene glycol is a resource-intensive procedure most beneficial when large numbers of radio-opaque tablets are seen in the stomach. In cases where most of the tablet matter has already been absorbed, extracorporeal methods of rapidly reducing the total body burden of potassium, such as hemodialysis, might be life-saving.

SECTION 5: Fire-fighting measures


5.1

Suitable extinguishing media

Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.


5.2

Specific hazards arising from the chemical

Flammability data is not available, but this compound is probably nonflammable. (NTP, 1992)


5.3

Special protective actions for fire-fighters

In case of fire in the surroundings, use appropriate extinguishing media.

SECTION 6: Accidental release measures


6.1

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Personal protection: particulate filter respirator adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance.


6.2

Environmental precautions

Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Personal protection: particulate filter respirator adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance.


6.3

Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapors, mist or gas. Avoid breathing dust.

SECTION 7: Handling and storage


7.1

Precautions for safe handling

Handling in a well ventilated place.
Wear suitable protective clothing.
Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
Avoid formation of dust and aerosols.
Use non-sparking tools.
Prevent fire caused by electrostatic discharge steam.


7.2

Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Dry.Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Hygroscopic, keep in a dry place. Storage class (TRGS 510): Non combustible solids.

SECTION 8: Exposure controls/personal protection


8.1

Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

ComponentPotassium chloride
CAS No.7447-40-7
 Limit value – Eight hoursLimit value – Short term
 ppmmg/m3ppmmg/m3
Latvia 5  
 Remarks

 

Biological limit values

no data available


8.2

Appropriate engineering controls

Ensure adequate ventilation.
Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice.
Set up emergency exits and the risk-elimination area.

8.3Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Wear safety goggles.

Skin protection

Protective gloves.

Respiratory protection

Use local exhaust.

Thermal hazards

no data available

SECTION 9: Physical and chemical properties and safety characteristics

Physical state

Solid. Crystalline.

Colour

White.

Odour

Odorless

Melting point/freezing point

770 °C. Remarks:Pressure but can be assumed to be normal atmospheric pressure.

Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range

146°C

Flammability

Not combustible.

Lower and upper explosion limit/flammability limit

no data available

Flash point

40°C(lit.)

Auto-ignition temperature

no data available

Decomposition temperature

no data available

pH

7. Remarks:Temperature and concentration not reported.

Kinematic viscosity

no data available

Solubility

greater than 100 mg/mL at 68° F (NTP, 1992)

Partition coefficient n-octanol/water

no data available

Vapour pressure

no data available

Density and/or relative density

1.984.

Relative vapour density

no data available

Particle characteristics

no data available

SECTION 10: Stability and reactivity


10.1

Reactivity

Hygroscopic. Water soluble.


10.2

Chemical stability

no data available


10.3

Possibility of hazardous reactions

POTASSIUM CHLORIDE is not in general strongly reactive. Violent reaction with BrF3 and with a mixture of sulfuric acid potassium permanganate mixture (NTP, 1992). Reacts with concentrated sulfuric acid to generate fumes of hydrogen chloride.


10.4

Conditions to avoid

no data available


10.5

Incompatible materials

An attempt to prepare permanganyl chloride by cautiously adding concn sulfuric acid to an intimate mixture of the salts at 0 deg C in clean glass apparatus caused a violent explosion.


10.6

Hazardous decomposition products

Hydrogen chloride gas, Potassium oxides.

SECTION 11: Toxicological information

Acute toxicity

  • Oral: LD50 – rat (female) – ca. 3 020 mg/kg bw. Remarks:Death occurred in less than 2 hours after dosing due to respiratory failure and prostration was the most common pre-mortem clinical sign.
  • Inhalation: no data available
  • Dermal: no data available

Skin corrosion/irritation

no data available

Serious eye damage/irritation

no data available

Respiratory or skin sensitization

no data available

Germ cell mutagenicity

no data available

Carcinogenicity

no data available

Reproductive toxicity

no data available

STOT-single exposure

The substance is irritating to the eyes and respiratory tract. Ingestion of large amounts could cause effects on the cardiovascular system. This may result in cardiac dysrhythmia.

STOT-repeated exposure

no data available

Aspiration hazard

Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a nuisance-causing concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly when dispersed, especially if powdered.

SECTION 12: Ecological information


12.1

Toxicity

  • Toxicity to fish: LC50 – Pimephales promelas – 880 mg/L – 96 h.
  • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: EC50 – see below – >= 440 – <= 880 mg/L - 48 h.
  • Toxicity to algae: EC50 – Desmodesmus subspicatus (previous name: Scenedesmus subspicatus) – > 100 mg/L – 72 h.
  • Toxicity to microorganisms: EC50 – activated sludge, domestic – > 1 000 mg/L – 3 h. Remarks:Respiration rate.


12.2

Persistence and degradability

no data available


12.3

Bioaccumulative potential

no data available


12.4

Mobility in soil

no data available


12.5

Other adverse effects

no data available

SECTION 13: Disposal considerations


13.1

Disposal methods

Product

The material can be disposed of by removal to
a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration
with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs,
feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and
offered for recycling or reconditioning.
Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to
make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of
in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration
with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

SECTION 14: Transport information


14.1

UN Number

ADR/RID: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)IMDG: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)IATA: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)


14.2

UN Proper Shipping Name

ADR/RID: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)IMDG: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)IATA: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)


14.3

Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)IMDG: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)IATA: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)


14.4

Packing group, if applicable

ADR/RID: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)IMDG: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)IATA: Not dangerous goods. (For reference only, please check.)


14.5

Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: NoIMDG: NoIATA: No


14.6

Special precautions for user

no data available


14.7

Transport in bulk according to IMO instruments

no data available

SECTION 15: Regulatory information


15.1

Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

Chemical nameCommon names and synonymsCAS numberEC number
Potassium 41 ChloridePotassium chloride7447-40-7231-211-8
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS)Listed.
EC InventoryListed.
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) InventoryListed.
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015Not Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC)Listed.
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances
(PICCS)
Listed.
Vietnam National Chemical InventoryListed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China
IECSC)
Listed.
Korea Existing Chemicals List (KECL)Listed.

SECTION 16: Other information

Information on revision

Creation DateSep 14, 2020
Revision DateSep 14, 2020

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

  • IPCS – The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website:
    http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
  • HSDB – Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
  • IARC – International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
  • eChemPortal – The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website:
    http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
  • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
  • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
  • ERG – Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website:
    http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
  • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website:
    http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
  • ECHA – European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/
Any questions regarding this SDS, Please send your inquiry to [email protected]

Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and
shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our
knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not
represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any
damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.

Chemical Formular:ClK
PubChem CID:4873
IUPAC Name:potassium;chloride
Inchl:InChI=1S/ClH.K/h1H;/q;+1/p-1
InChI Key:WCUXLLCKKVVCTQ-UHFFFAOYSA-M
Canonical SMILES:[Cl-].[K+]
Pictogram(s):n/a
Signal:n/a
GHS Hazard Statements:n/a
Hazard Codes:n/a
Risk Codes:n/a
Precautionary Statement Codes:n/a
Flash Point:n/a

41KCl
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PotassiumAn element in the alkali group of metals with an atomic symbol K, atomic number 19, and atomic weight 39.10. It is the chief cation in the intracellular fluid of muscle and other cells.
Potassium ion is a strong electrolyte that plays a significant role in the regulation of fluid volume and maintenance of the WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.
Potassium is the major cation (positive ion) inside animal cells, while sodium is the major cation outside animal cells. The concentration differences of these charged particles causes a difference in electric potential between the inside and outside of cells, known as the membrane potential.
The balance between potassium and sodium is maintained by ion pumps in the cell membrane. The cell membrane potential created by potassium and sodium ions allows the cell generate an action potential—a “spike” of electrical discharge.
The ability of cells to produce electrical discharge is critical for body functions such as neurotransmission, muscle contraction, and heart function.
Potassium is also an essential mineral needed to regulate water balance, blood pressure and levels of acidity.

ChlorineThe chloride ion is the anion (negatively charged ion) Cl−.
It is formed when the element chlorine (a halogen) gains an electron or when a compound such as hydrogen chloride is dissolved in water or other polar solvents.
Chloride salts such as sodium chloride are often very soluble in water.It is an essential electrolyte located in all body fluids responsible for maintaining acid/base balance, transmitting nerve impulses and regulating fluid in and out of cells. Less frequently, the word chloride may also form part of the “common” name of chemical compounds in which one or more chlorine atoms are covalently bonded.

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